In the following list, we’ve got gathered a number of the maximum famous Linux distributions and some developing distros too. GNU/Linux operating structures are Unix-like and open source, and based totally at the Linux kernel. Among the long listing of Linux distributions, there are some of distros that truely stand out the various others — in terms of range of users, community, features, and so on. Discover some details about some of the top Linux distributions.Ubuntu
Ubuntu is a Linux distribution primarily based on Debian. It is advanced by Canonical and a community of builders. It has 3 respectable editions: Desktop, Server and Core, that may either run on a computer or on a VM. More than 34% of the web sites the use of Linux use Ubuntu, in line with W3Techs data. Its boom on the grounds that 2010 has been top notch. It is likewise a famous distribution amongst cloud computing tasks.
Ubuntu License: GPL and other licenses.
Ubuntu Latest essential launch with lengthy-term aid (LTS): Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (Jammy Jellyfish).Debian
Debian is an open source operating device. This distribution changed into first introduced through Ian Murdock in 1993 because the “Debian Linux Release”. The Debian Project is a network of builders and customers that hold the GNU OS primarily based on open source software. Currently, Debian systems use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. However, they’re additionally operating on offering Debian for different kernels. Primarily, GNU Hurd.
Debian License: BSD, GPL and different open licenses.
Debian Latest fundamental release: Debian 11 (Bullseye).CentOS Linux
CentOS Linux is a distribution based totally on the source code of the industrial distribution Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). It was released in 2004 and is subsidized up with the aid of a growing community. It is a secure wager for the ones seeking out tremendous code. But CentOS eight may be its final model. In 2019, Red Hat announced that CentOS Linux could get replaced by CentOS Stream — an upstream improvement platform for RHEL. New open supply options have seemed because of this variation of method. For instance, Rocky Linux, founded by Gregory Kurtzer, founder of the CentOS project.
CentOS Linux Latest principal release: CentOS Linux eight.CentOS Stream
CentOS Stream is an upstream development platform for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). It is a midstream between Fedora Linux and RHEL. This platform targets to take advantage of open-source innovation for shaping upcoming solid RHEL releases.
CentOS Stream License: GNU GPL.
CentOS Stream Latest launch: CentOS Stream 9.Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a commercial Linux distribution evolved through Red Hat. It has a server model and a computer model. As it uses open supply software program, published underneath a General Public License, they make their code to be had to the general public through CentOS. Red Hat has sponsored the CentOS project on account that 2014.
RHEL Latest important launch: RHEL nine.Gentoo
Gentoo is a Linux distribution that capabilities a rolling release model. Gentoo Linux was at first created via Daniel Robbins. It become named after the quick-swimming “gentoo penguin”, to mirror its capability. It is an appealing preference for Linux users seeking out complete manage of the software. Gentoo users have notable control over the services hooked up and strolling on their laptop. They can immensely personalize and optimize their device.
Gentoo Releases: rolling launch.Fedora
Fedora is a Linux distribution advanced via the Fedora Project — backed especially by means of Red Hat, with support from different groups. It is developed and maintained by way of the network and it’s far an upstream source of the commercial RHEL distribution. Fedora commonly has greater current software versions, taken into consideration as “non stable”, that are later covered in RHEL. There are exceptional Fedora variations available: Workstation, Server, CoreOS, Silverblue and IoT. Fedora Linux turned into released in 2003.
Fedora License: GPL and other licenses.
Fedora Latest foremost release: Fedora 36.OpenSUSE
OpenSUSE is a Linux distribution sponsored by SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH and other corporations. It changed into formerly known as SUSE Linux. OpenSUSE has a rolling release model, Tumbleweed, and a normal release version, Leap.
OpenSUSE License: GNU GPL and other licenses.
OpenSUSE Latest release: OpenSUSE Leap 15.four.Scientific Linux
Scientific Linux is any other Linux distribution primarily based on RHEL’s loose and open supply software. It is produced by way of Fermilab, CERN, DESY and ETH Zurich. In April 2019, they introduced its gentoobr.org discontinuation. Nevertheless, its closing version, Scientific Linux 7, can have protection updates till June 2024.
Scientific Linux License: GNU GPL and different licenses.
Scientific Linux Latest launch: Scientific Linux 7.CloudLinux
CloudLinux is a Linux distribution developed by means of CloudLinux, Inc. It is primarily based on CentOS and uses the OpenVZ kernel and the RPM Package Manager. It is focused to shared hosting providers and data facilities. It stands proud for improving server stability, density and protection. The first version of CloudLinux OS became launched in 2010.
CloudLinux Latest launch: CloudLinux eight.6.Elementary OS
Elementary OS is a Linux distribution primarily based on Ubuntu. The OS is advanced and maintained through Elementary, Inc. It aims to be a fast, open and privacy-respecting alternative to Windows and MacOS. It features a pay-what-you-need (PWYW) version.
Elementary OS License: GNU GPL and different licenses.
Elementary OS Latest release: Elementary OS 6.1 (Jólnir).Linux Mint
Linux Mint is a community-pushed Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. This distribution started out in 2006. The Linux Mint undertaking become to start with created with the aid of Clément Lefèbvre. Linux Mint OS’ supply code is to be had on GitHub. Most of the OS development is finished in Python.
Linux Mint Latest release: Linux Mint 20.three (Una).Arch Linux
Arch Linux is a Linux distribution primarily based on 5 principles: simplicity, modernity, pragmatism, person centrality and versatility. It functions a rolling release version.
Arch Linux License: GNU GPL and other licenses.
Arch Linux Release: rolling release.Manjaro
Manjaro is a loose Linux distribution based on Arch Linux. It is specifically focused on accessibility and consumer-friendliness. It capabilities a rolling release model. Its simplicity, stability and performance makes it a appropriate opportunity OS to MacOS and Windows. It gives multiple computing device environments.
Manjaro License: GPL and other open licenses.
Manjaro Latest release: Manjaro 21.3 (Ruah).Oracle Linux
Oracle Linux (OL) is a Linux distribution packaged and distributed by using Oracle; underneath GNU GPL when you consider that past due 2006. It become formerly called Oracle Enterprise Linux (OEL). It is based totally on RHEL’s supply code. Oracle Linux is available withLinux kernels: the Red Hat Compatible Kernel (RHCK) and the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK).
Oracle Linux License: GNU GPL and other licenses.
Oracle Linux Latest important launch: Oracle Linux 8.Slackware
Slackware is one of the oldest Linux distributions, created with the aid of Patrick Volkerding in 1993. Many Linux distributions have been primarily based on Slackware; for instance, the first variations of the SUSE Linux distribution. It turned into originally based on the Softlanding Linux System (SLS), one of the maximum popular authentic Linux distributions.
Slackware Latest predominant release: Slackware 15.0.Mageia
Mageia is an open supply, Unix-like operating gadget that started out as a fork of Mandriva Linux lower back in 2010. It become created by former employees of Mandriva S.A. and a few individuals of the Mandriva network. It sticks out for being a secure, stable and sustainable OS. Besides, it provides a clearly big software repository. Its first version, Mageia 1, became released in June 2011.
Mageia License: GPL and different licenses.
Mageia Latest essential release: Mageia 8.Clear Linux
Clear Linux is an open source Linux distribution created by way of Intel. It is up to date following a rolling launch model. The OS is optimized for performance and security from the cloud to the Edge; in addition to for Intel products. Clear Linux’s essential targets are IT, DevOps, Cloud and AI specialists; it isn’t always designed as a preferred-cause distribution. Its source code is to be had on GitHub.
Clear Linux License: GPL and other licenses.
Clear Linux Releases: rolling release.Rocky Linux
Rocky Linux is an open supply Linux distribution, primarily based at the source code of the commercial distribution RHEL. This Linux distribution is led through Gregory Kurtzer — founder of CentOS, collectively with Rocky McGaugh. Rocky Linux goals to fill the space CentOS will depart as a community-supported, downstream of RHEL, after CentOS eight’s discontinuation through December 2021. As explained on Rocky Linux’s Wiki, this distribution aims to be “a strong, solid and obvious opportunity for manufacturing environments, evolved via the community for the community”. Stackscale offers two of its public mirrors in Madrid and Amsterdam.
Rocky Linux License: BSD and different licenses.
Rocky Linux Latest launch: Rocky Linux nine.AlmaLinux